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[百家申遗] 三清山 2008.6.22 福建土楼和三清山今年申请入世遗名录

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发表于 2008-6-22 01:18:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
【星岛网讯】联合国教科文组织20日宣布,今年共有41个国家的47处自然和文化景观向该组织申请加入《世界遗产名录》(简称《名录》),其中包括江西的三清山国家公园和福建土楼,两处中国景观。
       香港新闻集团消息,教科文组织指出,该组织下属的世界遗产委员会专家和21个委员国的代表将于7月2日至10日会集加拿大魁北克,对提交申请的景点进行讨论,然后再选择最具价值的景观进入《名录》。在这47处候选地中,13处为自然景观,其中包括中国江西的三清山国家公园;另外34处为文化景观,中国福建土楼位列其中。
       除遴选新的文化和自然遗产地,委员会还将对30处入选《名录》、但保护情况面临困境的遗产地情况进行审核,这些地点或是在自然灾害中被破坏,或是因为抢劫、污染和过度开发而遭到了损毁。其中,德国德累斯顿的易北河谷受到了特别的关注。教科文组织认为,当地政府的一项建桥计划会对河谷风景的整体性造成严重影响,因此遗产委员会将在这次会议期间对是否将其从《名录》中除名进行讨论。
       2007年,阿曼的阿拉伯羚羊保护区就因为面积急剧减少成为首个被除名的遗产地。
       虽然联合国教科文组织对入选《名录》的景观不提供任何直接经济帮助,但入选名录可使景点吸引更多注意力,为其在旅游、交通和商业等方面带来可观的经济效益,因此遗产申报热已经成为一个全球现象。
       目前,全世界共有141个国家和地区的851处景观被列入《名录》,其中文化遗产660处,自然遗产166处,另有25处为文化和自然双重遗产。
(星岛环球网 2008年6月21日 http://www.stnn.cc/society_focus/200806/t20080621_799467.html
 楼主| 发表于 2008-6-25 01:42:32 | 显示全部楼层
World Heritage Committee to meet in Quebec to inscribe new sites on UNESCO’s World Heritage List
世界遗产委员会将会在魁北克(加拿大一省——译者注)召开大会,讨论申报的联合国教科文组织世界遗产名录的新项目。

The World Heritage Committee will consider requests for the inscription of new sites on UNESCO's World Heritage List when it meets for its 32nd session in Québec, Canada, from 2 to 10 July.
这次大会的时间为:7月2日至10日

During this year’s session, hosted by Canada to coincide with the 400th anniversary celebration of the founding of Québec City, 41 States Parties to the World Heritage Convention will present properties for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Among them are five countries that have no sites inscribed on the List: Kyrgyzstan, Papua New Guinea, San Marino, Saudi Arabia and Vanuatu.
这次大会上,有五个以往没有一项世界遗产项目的国家将会有它们的第一个世界遗产地,这些国家是:吉尔吉斯斯坦、巴布亚新几内亚、圣玛利诺、沙特阿拉伯和瓦努阿图。

The Committee will also review the state of conservation of the 30 World Heritage sites inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger and may decide to add new sites to that list of properties whose preservation requires special attention. The List in Danger features sites which are threatened by a variety of problems such as natural disasters, pillaging, pollution, and poorly managed mass tourism, that may have a negative impact on the universal values for which they were inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Among sites on the List in Danger, the cultural landscape of Germany’s Dresden Elbe Valley will come under particular scrutiny. In keeping with the decision it took at its last meeting, the Committee will decide whether to keep the property on the World Heritage List or whether the building of a bridge in the heart of the landscape warrants its deletion from the List.

The properties submitted by States Parties for inscription on the World Heritage List number 13 natural and 34 cultural sites (see list below), including two transboundary sites, and five extensions to properties already listed.
To date, UNESCO’s 1972 Convention on the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage protects 851 properties of “outstanding universal value,” including 660 cultural, 166 natural and 25 mixed properties in 141 States Parties.

The Convention encourages international cooperation to safeguard the common heritage of humanity. With 185 States Parties, it is one of the most widely ratified international legal instruments. When they sign the Convention, States Parties commit to preserve sites on the World Heritage List, as well as sites of national and regional importance, notably by providing an appropriate legal and regulatory framework.

The World Heritage Committee, responsible for the implementation of the 1972 Convention, is comprised of representatives of 21 countries, elected by the States Parties for up to six years. Each year, the Committee adds new sites to the List. The sites are proposed by the States Parties. Applications are then reviewed by two advisory bodies: cultural sites by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), and natural sites by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) which inform the Committee of their recommendations. The International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (ICCROM) provides expert advice on conservation and training in restoration techniques.

The World Heritage Committee also examines reports on the state of conservation of inscribed sites and asks States Parties to take appropriate conservation and preservation measures when necessary. The Committee supervises the disbursement of over $4 million per annum from the World Heritage Fund, aimed at emergency action, training of experts and encouraging technical cooperation. UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre is the Secretariat of the World Heritage Committee.

Accredited journalists will be able to attend the opening ceremony of the 32nd session (2 July, 3 p.m.) which will include the participation of the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, Christina Cameron (Canada), representatives of the governments of Canada and Québec, the Director-General of UNESCO, Koïchiro Matsuura, the President of UNESCO’s General Conference, George N. Anastassopoulos (Greece), and the Chairman of UNESCO’s Executive Board, Olabiyi Babalola Joseph Yaï (Benin).

The media will be briefed about the work of the Committee in regular press conferences and a first briefing will take place on Wednesday, 2 July at 9 a.m.

Natural properties submitted for inscription to the World Heritage List:
自然遗产的申报项目名单:

Quarry of the Fabrica Nacional de Cementos S.A. (FANCESA),Cal Orck’O, Sucre, Departamento Chuquisaca (Bolivia)
an extension to the Pirin National Park (Bulgaria)

The Joggins Fossil Cliffs (Canada)

Mount Sanqingshan National Park (China)  三清山国家公园(我国实际上没有“国家公园”这一称呼,实际上此处应为“国家地质公园”——译者注)

Lagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems (France)

Surtsey (Iceland)

Bradyseism in Phlegraean Area (Italy)

Saryarka – Steppe and Lakes of Northern Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan)

Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve (Mexico)

Hovsgol Lake and its Watershed (Mongolia)

“The Putorana Plateau” Nature Complex (Russian Federation)

Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona (Switzerland)

Socotra Archipelago (Yemen).


Cultural properties submitted for inscription to the World Heritage List:
文化遗产的申报项目名单:

Historic Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra – Towns of southern Albania, exceptional testimonies of well-preserved
Ottoman settlements in the Balkan region, an extension (Albania)

Cultural Landscape of Buenos Aires (Argentina)

São Francisco Square in the city of São Cristóvão (Brazil)

The Sacred Site of the Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia)

Fujian Tulou (China)  福建土楼

The Stari Grad Plain (Croatia)

Urban Historic Scenary Camagüey (Cuba)

Spa of Luhačovice – area with a collection of historic spa buildings and spa-related facilities (Czech Republic)

Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)

The work of Vauban (France)

Housing Estates in the Berlin Modern Style (Germany)

System of Fortification at the Confluence of the Rivers Danube and Váh in Komárno – Komárom (Hungary / Slovakia)

Mountain Railways of India (serial extension to include Kalka Shimla Railway (KSR)) (India)

River Island of Majuli in midstream of Brahmaputra River in Assam (India)

Cultural Landscape of Bali Province (Indonesia)

The Armenian Monastic Ensembles in Iranian Azarbayjan ((Islamic Republic of Iran)

The Triple-arch Gate at Dan (Israel)

Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and Western Galilee (Israel)

Mantua and Sabbioneta (Italy)

Hiraizumi - Cultural Landscape Associated with Pure Land Buddhist Cosmology (Japan)

Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests (Kenya)

Sulamain-Too Sacred Mountain (Kyrgyzstan)

Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca: Melaka and George Town (Malaysia)

Le Morne Cultural Landscape (Mauritius)

Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús de Nazareno de Atotonilco (Mexico)

León Cathedral (Nicaragua)

The Kuk Early Agricultural Site (Papua New Guinea)

San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano (San Marino)

Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih) (Saudi Arabia)

Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of Carpathian Mountain Area (Slovakia)

Palaeolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain (extension to Altamira Cave) (Spain)

Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Cultural Landscape (Switzerland / Italy)

The Antonine Wall (extension to the Frontiers of the Roman Empire) (United Kingdom)

Chief Roi Mata’s Domain (Vanuatu).


Author(s):Press Release N°2008-46
Source:UNESCOPRESS
20-06-2008

(以上中文都是翻译了的一点,当做练练脑子
http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=42699&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

[ 本帖最后由 天文绿蛇 于 2008-6-25 01:43 编辑 ]
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